The MPL (Multi-crew Pilots Licence) was introduced in 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO). Its objective is to produce the next generation of airline pilots by developing the abilities needed to fly in a multi crew airline environment.
The MPL is a new philosophy for better preparing pilots for the modern Multi-crew environment. Traditional CPL/IR training focused on creating safe commercial pilots first, before transitioning them into a multi-crew environment, whereas MPL training specifically includes modern transport and multi-crew training outcomes in its syllabus. This is accomplished at a very early stage in the development of the pilot and includes a higher quantum of relevant training on a Flight Simulator Training Device (FSTD).
Similar to the traditional CPL/IR, the MPL programme in SFC is a Competency Based Training course where the cadet is constantly evaluated against a set of clearly defined standards along the lines of Knowledge Skills and Attitudes (KSA’s).
The Program also emphasises Threat and Error Management (TEM) and Crew Resource Management (CRM) throughout the course to ensure a seamless transition from ab-initio training to airliner type rating. To help ensure the MPL programme provides airlines with pilots who are able to safely and efficiently operate modern airliners in all expected operational environments, Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) is incorporated from the early stages of training.
The MPL Programme consists of 4 phases:
Phase 1 – Core Flying Skills
a) CAAS ATPL Theory - conducted in Singapore, approximately 6 months.
b) Basic single pilot training in a single engine aircraft – conducted in Perth, Australia. This currently consists of at least 100 hours of flight time in a Cessna 172, a CAAS PPL (A) and a CASA RPL.
Phase 2 – Basic
a) A 2 day CRM course and an additional 8 days of theory covering a wide range of subject matter provides trainees the knowledge to operate the aircraft from a line pilots perspective. Lessons are instructor driven and supported by E-learning material.
b) In this phase, trainees are introduced to basic airline operations covering Jet Operation Techniques, Multi Crew Co-operation (MCC) and Threat and Error Management (TEM) principles. Raw data instrument flight using generic SOP’s receive special focus and are accomplished under the supervision and guidance of qualified airline instructors. This is currently conducted on an FSTD in Singapore.
Phase 3 – Intermediate
a) In this phase MCC and TEM procedures are reinforced with special emphasis placed on the management of both normal and non normal situations. Aircraft handling and management skills are further reinforced with training accomplished on an FSTD capable of motion.
Phase 4 – Advanced
a) This fourth and final phase covers, aircraft type-rating training within a dedicated airline orientated environment.
On completion of the 4-phase Program the cadets will graduate with a Multi Crew Pilot Licence and a good understanding of the airlines Standard Operating Procedures (SOP). They would now be ready for immediate integration into a dedicated Initial Operating Experience programme.
For many airlines, the MPL represents the future of flight training. The MPL programme is airline dedicated and provides the industry with an opportunity to train pilots directly for the operational airline environment. Singapore Flying College currently holds CAAS approval to conduct the MPL programme for Singapore Airlines and Silk Air sponsored cadets. Current legislation requires a student training for an MPL to be sponsored by an airline.
The programme for the Commercial Pilot License (CPL) with Instrument Rating covers two phases of training. This CPL programme is suitable for privately sponsored students requiring a generic professional pilot’s licence seeking employment at an airline of their choice.
Training is conducted in two phases, with Phase A consisting of theoretical training at our Singapore based ground school for the CAAS Airline Transport Pilot Licence examinations. This phase ensures cadets acquire the knowledge required for a professional pilot.
Phase B begins at SFC’s branch at Jandakot Airport, Western Australia. The wide ranging airspace allows for all the elements of flying training programme to be completed in a realistic and professional manner. A minimum of 200 hours are flown with an additional 35 hours of flight simulation for the CPL programme.
The student commences training in a single-engine training aircraft to meet the minimum flight hours in accordance with the approved syllabus. This includes local circuit flying utilizing the 3 runways at Jandakot. The student is also trained in upset prevention and recovery both in the simulator and in the local training area.
Complexities of flying ‘under the hood’ or instrument flying are also performed both in a flight simulator and in the aircraft. The training concludes with a multi-engine component in a Garmin equipped light twin piston engine aircraft.
Flight training includes navigation training utilising both visual navigation techniques as well as instrument based navigation, with the navigation aids including NDB, VOR, GNSS and ILS.
Phase B culminates in the student taking the Multi-Engine Flight Test for the issue of the Commercial Pilot License with Multi Engine Instrument Rating.
Both the CPL and MPL programs are fully residential during their training phase in Australia. Accommodation and meals are provided. Being a residential course, there are ample opportunities for interaction and to benefit from peer learning. Facilities for recreation such as a gym, pool table, table tennis, basketball and tennis court are available.